Russian cases system

Overview of the article published on SLO website:

In Russian, the relationships between words in a phrase are shown by word endings. The Russian language distinguishes six general functions that a noun may have in a sentences, and, for this reason, noun’s endings are basically divided into six groups, called cases. The six cases system is also applied to the endings of other parts of speech which are closely related to nouns, such as pronouns, adjectives, some numerals etc.

The Russian case system includes:

  • The nominative case, which indicates the subject, or the doer of the action or the predicate.
  • The genitive case, which indicates possession, and it is also often used in negotiation.
  • The dative case, which indicates the indirect object, or the receiver of the action.
  • The accusative case , which indicates the direct object, or the object of the action.
  • The instrumental case, which indicates the “instrument” (or means) of the action, or how the action is done.
  • The prepositional (or locative) case, which indicates the location, or where the action takes place.

The original article on SLO website: Russian Cases

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